One of the most exciting things about mining is how it has evolved over time. Underground mining can be done in several ways with different types of machinery equipment like scooptram etc. We are going to discuss underground mining methods. Underground mining methods are the most common type of mining globally,  so you should know what they are! Today, we’ll break down five types of underground mining methods you should know. 

Drift Mining

The first underground mining method is drift mining. This type of mine uses passages called drifts to get into coal beds which can be up to 300 feet below ground. This type of mine has been used for 3000 years and was once considered “the safest way” to work in mines because it doesn’t require any shafts or ramps going down from the surface. It also provides a constant flow of fresh air since it’s not enclosed like other mines can be when they’re reaching further down into the earth.

Longwall Mining 

The second underground mining method is longwall mining. In this underground mining method, miners will work on a wall that is as much as 100 feet high and up to 2 miles long. The goal is to cut away everything except what they want before moving onto another section using explosives or others.

Strip Mining 

The third underground mining method is strip mining. Strip mining is the most destructive underground mining method, as it leaves behind large open pits and destroys habitats. Strip mines are often referred to as “deserts on land” due to how much land they take up and how lifeless they are when all vegetation has been removed for processing.  The process starts with removing earth from an area in layers until you reach the desired ore beneath the surface. 

Room and Pillar Mining

The fourth underground mining method is room and pillar mining. Room and pillar mining is a method of extracting coal. The underground mining method involves driving tunnels into the mine, which are then filled with explosives. When detonated, this will cause large sections of coal to be removed from the ground and fall down on top of each other in a pile called a “pillar.” The pillars provide support for the roof while new tunnels are driven deeper underground to extract more coal. This technique has been used since ancient times and continues to be used today because it can produce up to 5 times more coal than traditional methods such as longwall mining. 

Blast Mining:

The fifth underground mining method is blast mining. Mining that occurs through the firing of explosives through different chemical and physical processes is known as blast mining. Mineral bearing materials are broken without creating casting defects in this process. The material includes ore, coal, and mineral stone. 


We have briefly described the five types of underground mining methods that are used by different professional miners. Different mines have different underground mining methods, which must be analyzed in detail.

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